Tarvand saffron, producer of pure saffron

The most important factors which are very important in saffron are
crocine (color), picocrocine (flavor) and safranel (aroma). 
Higher number of these factors = higher quality of saffro
ISO (the international organization for standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standard bodies (ISO member bodies) they have set a classification of saffron base on minimum requirements of each quality, this is called ISO 3632. According to this classification, they established 4 categories. 

 

 

 

Table 1  -  Classification of saffron in filaments
Characteristic Categories
Extra I II III IV
Floral waste
% (m/m),
max.
Extraneous
matter
% (m/m)
max.


0.5



0.1


4



0.5


7



1.0


10



1.0


Table 2  -  Chemical requirements for saffron, in filaments or in powder form
Characteristic Requirement Test method
Saffron in filaments  Saffron in Powder form 
Moisture and volatile matter, % (m/m), max 12 10 ISO 3632-2, clause 9
Total ash, % (m/m), on dry basis, max. 8 8 ISO 928 & ISO 3632-2 clause 10
Acid-insoluble ash, % (m/m), 
on dry basis, max.
Categories I and II
Categories III and IV



1,0
1,5



1,0
1,5
ISO 930 & ISO 3632-2, clause 11
Solubility in cold water, % (m/m), on dry basis, max. 65 65 ISO 941
Bitterness, expressed 
as direct reading of 
the absorbance
of picrocrocine at about 
257 nm, on dry basis, min.
Category  I 
Category  II
Category  III
Category  IV 






70
55
40
30






70
55
40
30
ISO 3632-2, clause 13
Safranal, expressed as 
direct reading 
of the absorbance
at about 330 nm, on dry
categories
min.
max. 





20
50





20
50
ISO 3632-2, clause 13
Colouring strength, 
expressed as direct reading 
of the absorbance of crocine at about 440 nm,
on dry basis, min.
Category  I
Category  II
Category  III
Category  IV






190
150
110
80






190
150
110
80
ISO 3632-2, clause 13
Total nitrogen, % (m/m), on dry basis, max.1) 3.0 3.0 ISO 1871
Crube fibre, % (m/m), on dry basis, max.1) 6 6 ISO 5498
 

Main producing countries of saffron have the different classification and names of saffron, here are some common commercial names and results in producing countries :

IRAN :  result 2000/2001 = 160 ton
Classification: 1-Sargol    2-Dasteh    3-pushal
Spain : Classification base on coloring strength :
 
International Organization 
for standardization
(ISO 3632)
Minimum Standard



Spanish Government 
Standards



 
Greece :  Commercial name : red saffron
India : Commercial name : Mongra, Lacha
 

As you aware by now the most important factor in saffron is color strength. Here in Tarvand we provide to our customers the photospectometry report which show the crocine (color strength) , picocrocine (flavor) and safranal (aroma). Additional we supply our customers with Iran standard institute certification which is official organization for saffron analysis.

 

 

Here are the basic Tarvand classification of Saffron :
Tarvand A: (PUSHALI)

This Grade of Stigmas is joined in 2's or 3's at the end of portion of the style, and is excellent for presenting as a gift and suitable for packing,
Floral waste is about 2 - 5 % (m/m).
Spanish Name : Mancha
Category II in ISO 3632,
The color strength above 220.
Tarvand B1: (SARGOL)

Top Tarvand Quality: Strong in Stigmas, and higher power in coloring (above 250 USP), with no broken,

Origin : Ghaen, Khorasan - Iran
Category I in ISO 3632
Tarvand B2: (SARGOL)
Top Tarvand Quality: Not too strong in stigmas but with lower in coloring strength about 220-250
Origin : South of Khorasan, Category I in ISO 3632

Tarvand C1: (TIGHT)

Top quality Dasteh, contains the whole Filament with less yellow, and more red
Tarvand C2: (TIGHT)
Best quality Dasteh, Best quality contains the whole Filament with usual yellow, secured with string.

Tarvand D:

This quality is obtaining by cutting the yellow part (style) at the level of 800 gr. Per Kilo.
Tarvand E:

This quality is obtaining by cutting the yellow part (style) at the level of 850 gr. Per Kilo.

Tarvand Saffrin Co.

Tarvand Saffrin Frontier

Home Of Saffron(Ghaen)

Products

International Certificates

Special Offers

Trading & Clientele(References)

What is Saffron

Grading & Classification

Usage of Saffron

Recieps

Saffron 's News

Contact Us

Copyright 2000-2012, Tarvand Saffron Co.
All rights reserved.

Designed by :Sirang Rasaneh